canadians (6do encyclopedia)


Canadians are the people who are identified with the country of Canada, which is located in North America. The Canadian population is diverse and inclusive with immigrants from around the world creating an ethnically and culturally diverse country. Canada has a rich history of indigenous people and European settlement that has influenced its culture and traditions.


Canada is the second-largest country in the world in terms of land area and has a population of over 38 million people. The population is concentrated in urban areas, with the largest cities being Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary. The country’s population is diverse, with around 22% of the population being foreign-born. The majority of the population, about 76%, identifies as Christian, with around 7.5% identifying as Muslim.

Indigenous Peoples

The indigenous peoples of Canada are the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. The First Nations people are composed of many different cultural groups and number over 1.6 million people. The Inuit people are a distinct cultural group that primarily inhabit the Arctic regions of Canada and number around 65,000 people. The Métis people are a distinct cultural group that developed from the intermixing of First Nations and European settlers and number around 500,000 people.


The history of Canada is shaped by the indigenous peoples and European colonization that began in the 16th century. The arrival of French and British settlers led to the establishment of New France and British North America. Canada became a nation in 1867 with the confederation of British North America into four provinces. Canada played a significant role in both world wars and became a peacekeeping nation in the 20th century.


The Canadian culture is diverse and inclusive, reflecting the country’s history and the contributions of immigrants. Canada has two official languages, English and French, reflecting the country’s history as a former French and British colony. The country’s multiculturalism has produced a unique blend of food, music, art, and literature. Hockey is the country’s national sport and is widely played and celebrated.


Canada has a mixed economy that includes service, manufacturing, and natural resource sectors. The country is one of the world’s largest exporters of wood, minerals, and oil. Canada has a highly educated workforce and is home to many global companies, including Bombardier, BlackBerry, and Shopify.


Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. The Queen of Canada, currently Elizabeth II, is the Head of State, while the Prime Minister serves as the Head of Government. The country has a multi-party system and is governed by a unicameral Parliament and a federal system of government.


Canadians are a diverse and inclusive population with a rich history and culture. The country’s multiculturalism has produced a unique blend of food, music, art, and literature. Canada has a mixed economy and is a leader in many industries. The country’s political system is a federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. Canada continues to grow and thrive as a nation, thanks to the contributions of its people.

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The metaverse was supposed to be the future of the internet. Is that dream now dead?

The Toronto Star

23-05-15 18:24

Facebook's Meta was widely seen to have abandoned its 'metaverse' project when CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced that the company was refocusing on generative artificial intelligence (AI) in February, a move seen by some as an attempt to compete with ChatGPT, Google and Microsoft. Industry insiders have taken Meta's move as a sign that the company has quietly abandoned the metaverse in favour of products that can better compete. However, a report commissioned by Meta itself suggests that the development of the metaverse may still break through, estimating it could contribute between $45.3bn and $85.5bn to Canada's annual GDP by 2035, making up 1.3% to 2.4% of the country's GDP. Although the technology might not be adopted by billions of users, products that meet people's needs will surely be successful, according to Philip Mai of Toronto Metropolitan University's Social Media Lab.
US overcomes Germany, Canada prevails against Slovakia in shootout at ice hockey worlds

The Toronto Star

23-05-15 16:45

The United States defeated Germany 3-2 in a hard-fought match at the ice hockey world championship, with Matt Coronatto scoring the winning goal on a power play in the final period. Meanwhile, Canada also had to dig deep to win 2-1 over Slovakia in a shootout, with Jack Quinn scoring the winner in the eighth round. Canada's Jake Neighbours put his team ahead early before Peter Cehlarik equalized for Slovakia, taking the match into overtime. Canada outshot Slovakia 44-24.
New beverage fee rollout delayed, but retail group says producers should absorb fee

The Toronto Star

23-05-15 16:35

New rules in Ontario, Canada that require companies to pay to recycle their packaging are being criticized by grocery industry advocates. They claim that these changes could simply shift the costs from communities to consumers in the coming months. Beverage companies have reportedly issued notices to retailers regarding a new container recycling fee that is around three cents per bottle on average. The fee was expected to be enforced from June 1, but the Canadian Beverage Container Recycling Association has since delayed implementing the new fee until July 31. Grocery industry leaders are calling for companies to absorb the costs themselves and not pass them on to consumers.
Meteorite hunters race to find rock for $25k reward


23-05-15 15:40

The US Maine Mineral and Gem museum has offered a reward of $25,000 to anyone who can provide the first 1 kg of the rare meteorite that was spotted falling in the sky four days before it landed in the US-Canada border region in April. The museum has also said it is willing to purchase any other fragment from the meteorite shower. A Connecticut-based meteor hunter, who travelled all the way to Costa Rica, France and Germany for previous meteorite searches, and others have searched the area in vain. Data from radar imagery has confirmed that additional meteorites are awaiting discovery.
A slowing economy threatens the future of a generation of Canadian youths

The Globe and Mail

23-05-15 11:00

Canadian think tanks Century Initiative and Future Skills Centre are calling for long-term policies to help young people as the country's financial institutions predict a recession. Short-term approaches will not tackle labour market scarring, which can lead to lower lifetime earnings and exclusion, according to Century Initiative's CEO Lisa Lalande and Future Skills Centre's executive director Pedro Barata. The think tanks are focusing on labour market scarring on young people after economic shocks, and are looking at long-term responses to the job displacement and underemployment experienced by young Canadians. Negative trends can lead to heightened competition among job seekers, reducing the opportunities for graduates and increasing the skill requirements of open positions to the detriment of those looking for work. Certain demographics can be worst affected, such as women and racialized youth.
How a small Chinese city’s barbecue stands became an overnight sensation

The Globe and Mail

23-05-15 23:26

The popularity of Zibo’s street food has led to a surge in hotel bookings as tourists clamour to sample the city’s barbecue stands, according to the Globe and Mail. Zibo received 4.8 million visitors in March, with hotel bookings rising by 800%. Even minor stands have managed to attract many people, with some shelves emptying quickly. Local banks have offered low-interest “barbecue loans” to vendors of up to CNY1m ($194,000) to help them expand, but some analysts have warned that the craze may be passing and could leave both lenders and borrowers exposed to high debt.
P.E.I. climate change specialist hopes new web series encourages more 'Coastie' photos


23-05-15 22:39

Parks Canada has showcased Prince Edward Island's Coastie program in its new web series called Climate Crew. The Coastie program, which originated on P.E.I., encourages visitors to the National Park to take pictures of shorelines in order to monitor coastal change and its effects. The programme has been successful and already more than 2,000 “Coasties” have been submitted across the network of Parks Canada sites. Parks Canada hopes to encourage more young people to participate in climate action by producing the animated graphic-novel style web series.
Ontario’s new beverage recycling program likely to be delayed again as retailers push back

The Toronto Star

23-05-15 22:31

The new non-alcoholic beverage container recycling fee, which was originally set to roll out on April 1, has been further delayed as retailers are pushing back on a proposed fee of between one and three cents. Discussions are ongoing between retailers, the beverage industry, and producer responsibility organizations like the Canadian Beverage Recycling Association, according to an industry source who spoke on condition of anonymity. The fees were set forth in response to a new province-wide recycling program that shifts responsibility onto manufacturers rather than municipalities.
Shy and audacious, Doug Crosbie was always a good listener and a better friend

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 04:00

Douglas James Crosbie has died at the age of 85 after a long, debilitating illness. Crosbie lived an interesting life, growing up during the 1950s, with many of his stories told with a hint of humour. As a teenager, he would defy bans in Montreal and get his friends together to watch Elvis Presley perform live. Crosbie went on to work as an international tax accountant and became an incredibly committed family man, with his family remaining by his side through his final illness. Crosbie was renowned for his love of animals, often adopting and renaming stray cats and dogs. He was also a talented artist who created intricate collages, carved heads from cork balls and created beautiful stained-glass lamps and panels. Crosbie's daughter, Lynn Crosbie, has written an obituary in The Globe and Mail to celebrate his life and achievements.
Canada's Trudeau to visit South Korea; focus on minerals, security


23-05-16 02:57

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is to head to South Korea on 14 June for a summit with President Yoon Suk Yeol, marking the 60th anniversary of bilateral relations. Energy security will be at the fore of the talks, with the two governments expected to sign an agreement regarding key minerals supply chains and clean energy conversion. Canada boasts ample reserves of minerals – such as lithium, cobalt and nickel – used to make batteries for electric vehicles. Trudeau and Yoong will also discuss intelligence sharing and other security measures, potentially focusing on North Korea, which has previously been a sore point between Seoul and Ottawa.
‘An increase the consumer has to pay’: Get ready to shell out more for eggs as country’s largest producer hikes prices — again

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 09:00

Burnbrae Farms, Canada's largest egg producer and supplier, is increasing the prices it charges supermarkets and independent retailers for eggs by 4 cents a dozen as of 11 June, marking the second price increase in as many months. Retailers say they have no choice but to pass on the hikes to consumers, though they lack transparency from the producer regarding where the increases are coming from, leading to calls for more transparency in Canada's supply-management system. Egg prices in the country rose 16.5% YoY, according to Statistics Canada, due to pandemic-fuelled inflation and supply-chain issues.
Andrew Phillips: Panic attack in Quebec over immigration threat

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 09:00

Quebec's biggest media organisation (Quebecor) launched a campaign through its flagship newspaper (Le Journal de Montréal) warning about the country being "drowned" by massive waves of immigrants. While the argument by the newspaper is logical, the paper's argument's are xenophobic and fallacious. Canada's federal government plans to ramp up immigration to approximately 500,000 by 2025 to increase the country's population to 100 million by 2100. Quebec does face choices, if it accepts more immigrants, there will challenges to its historical “identity”. However, if it refuses immigration, it will shrink relative to other provinces. As a result, Quebec's separatists see large-scale immigration as an opportunity to revive the long-dormant debate about separation. The more realistic answer is that Quebec is going to have to figure out ways to change without having an existential meltdown.
How Bill C-228’s protection of DB pension plans affects financial planning

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 08:50

Bill C-228 has been passed in Canada, offering extra protection to those with defined benefit pension plans. The legislation has introduced “super-priority” to unfunded pension liabilities offered federally or by a registered provincial service, creating greater likelihood that employees will get their full benefits if their employers become insolvent. However, some have warned that offering protection will increase cost, which could affect the offering of existing plans. To protect against this risk, professionals have recommended that those with defined benefit pension plans diversify with personal savings and public schemes. Though this scheme may not change many firms' retirement plans, it attracts wider discussion on how we can secure pensions that are ultimately reliable.
Clearing up biggest misconception about philanthropy can encourage more Canadians to give back

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 08:45

Canadian advisors could focus on adding charitable giving strategies to their wealth management offering because it is often overlooked as a critical part of the whole financial plan. Many clients being unwilling to allocate their wealth for charity often comes down to a lack of knowledge of how to donate and giving strategies. Advisers can guide clients about how to donate prudently, including considering their net worth, willingness to give, personal values, tax planning, and achieving financial goals. Advisers can also support clients as they identify what causes resonate with their values and provide suggestions for getting started.
‘Leafs players are probably heading for the golf course. Why not join them?’ Another year, another Leafs loss, plus other letters to the editor for May 16

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 08:00

Although remote work did not become a norm, hybrid work arrangements have seen a surge, indicating that both employees and employers have recognized the benefits it provides. Although offices have started reopening, and more in-person work is feasible now, this popularity of hybrid work demonstrates remote work is not going to disappear anytime soon. Moreover, remote work’s potential benefits will continue to be realized through flexible working arrangements that incorporate both the office-based and remote work. The popularity of hybrid work also shows that employers should continue to focus on digital communication and collaboration tools to improve team interaction and productivity. Although entirely remote work arrangements are declining, there is no denying the fact that hybrid work has become the norm.
Now woke Canada insults the war dead of Vimy Ridge


23-05-16 13:55

The Canadian government's decision to eliminate historical imagery from its new passport, replacing it instead with pages featuring images such as a man raking leaves and a squirrel, has been criticised as disrespectful to Canada's heritage. Citizenship Minister Sean Fraser suggested that consultations with Indigenous communities and other government departments had shifted the passport's focus. Conservative leader Pierre Poilievre accused Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of being out-of-touch and egotistical, claiming he could not "imagine there are any Canadian stories bigger than him". The Vimy Ridge Memorial, dedicated to fallen Commonwealth soldiers, is among those images no longer included on the travel document.
Justin Trudeau arrives in Seoul for first official visit to South Korea

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 12:07

South Korea and Canada are expected to sign a memorandum of understanding on youth mobility having discussed strengthening their economic, military and cultural ties. The two countries have both issued Indo-Pacific strategies aimed at countering China's influence. South Korea is Canada’s seventh-largest trade partner, with $16.7bn in merchandise trade in 2021, while Korean companies are said to be keen on the critical minerals and clean fuel sources that Canada can provide. Trudeau's visit is also expected to address concerns of South Korea over reliance on Chinese suppliers and seek increased investment in Canada’s green technologies.
Graham Thomson: Would ‘Premier Notley’ be friend or foe to Justin Trudeau and Jagmeet Singh?

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 12:00

Alberta NDP Leader Rachel Notley is promising a more forceful approach with the federal government if she is voted back in as premier in the election set for April 16. Notley said the apolitical view is not about the leader of the opposition, but about the most effective measures to take to sustain a good relationship between the Alberta premier’s office and the federal government. Notley is trying to juggle the balancing act of convincing Albertans that her party will champion the energy industry while fighting climate change, investing in social policies and balancing the budget.
Morning Update: Stellantis halts construction at Windsor EV battery plant over federal funding

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 11:11

Stellantis and LG Energy Solution have suspended work on a $5bn electric vehicle (EV) battery factory in Canada as they call for government funding comparable to the funding given to Volkswagen. The Canadian automotive plant in St. Thomas has been given $13bn from Ottawa over 10 years. Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said the government expressed an openness to boosting subsidies for Stellantis and LG to near the levels afforded to VW. The factory was planned to have a capacity of 40GWh a year, with production starting in 2023. LG Energy Solution is a unit of LG Chem that makes EV battery cells, while Stellantis is a company created by France's PSA and U.S. group Fiat Chrysler.