community (6do encyclopedia)

Community is a concept that has been around for as long as human civilization itself. It refers to a group of people who share common interests, values, beliefs, and goals. Communities can exist in various forms, ranging from small villages and towns to large cities and online groups.

Importance of Community

Community plays a vital role in the lives of individuals and society as a whole. It fosters a sense of belonging, identity, and connectedness. People who live in a well-knit community are less likely to feel isolated, lonely and depressed. They feel valued and supported, which can have a positive impact on their mental and emotional health.

In addition, communities can help individuals come together to achieve common goals, such as developing a sense of shared purpose, advancing education, fostering religious, cultural or artistic expressions, building a strong economy, and promoting social justice.

Types of Community

There are various types of communities that individuals can belong to. Some of these include:

Geographical communities: These are based on physical proximity. Examples include neighborhoods, towns, and cities.

Interest communities: These are based on shared interests, hobbies, or passions. Examples include book clubs, sports teams, and online discussion forums.

Cultural communities: These are based on shared cultural, religious or ethnic backgrounds. Examples include immigrant communities, religious groups or cultural associations.

Professional communities: These are based on professions or industries. Examples include medical societies, engineering associations, and trade unions.

Benefits of Community

Communities offer numerous benefits to their members. In addition to promoting a sense of belonging and identity, communities can help individuals in several ways. These include:

Promoting social connectedness: Communities provide opportunities for individuals to connect and interact with others. This can help people build relationships, form friendships, and develop social support networks.

Encouraging involvement and participation: Communities offer individuals numerous opportunities to become actively involved and participate in various activities. This can help people develop leadership skills, engage in volunteering, or contribute to the community’s development.

Offering social and emotional support: Communities provide members with social and emotional support when they need it most. This helps individuals feel cared for, valued and supported.

Improving physical and mental health: Communities play a critical role in promoting physical and mental health. People who belong to communities tend to have lower levels of stress, depression, anxiety, and other mental health problems. Communities can also promote healthy behaviors such as exercise, healthy eating, and avoiding harmful habits.

Fostering civic engagement: Communities play a critical role in fostering civic engagement and participation. This helps people become informed and involved in their community’s development, policies, and decision-making processes.

Challenges and Solutions in Building Strong Communities

Building strong communities is not always easy. Communities face several challenges that can make it difficult to maintain a sense of unity and common purpose. Some of these challenges include:

Social isolation: People are increasingly feeling disconnected, isolated, and withdrawn from their communities.

Lack of resources: Communities that lack resources such as adequate housing, job opportunities, and social services may struggle to thrive.

Divisions and conflict: Communities that are divided by race, religion, class, or politics may struggle to find common ground and work towards shared goals.

To overcome these challenges, communities can take various steps to build stronger, more connected, and resilient communities:

Engage in outreach efforts: Communities should engage in outreach efforts to bring together individuals who may feel disconnected or isolated. This can involve outreach through social media, local media, or community events.

Invest in community resources: Communities should invest in resources such as community centers, parks, playgrounds, and other community spaces that promote interaction, engagement, and social connection.

Reduce barriers: Communities should work to reduce barriers to accessing resources and services. This includes addressing issues such as housing affordability, access to healthcare, and transportation.

Foster intergroup communication: Communities should work to foster communication and dialogue between different groups. This can involve holding community forums, workshops, and other events that promote dialogue and understanding.


Overall, community is a critical component of human life. Communities foster a sense of belonging, identity, and connectedness. They provide individuals with social and emotional support, opportunities for engagement, and a sense of civic participation and purpose. Building strong communities may be challenging, but it is crucial for social connection, mental and emotional well-being, and social progress.

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If you build it, we will swim: Footscray residents would dig a new lake

The Sydney Morning Herald

23-05-14 22:30

Residents in the West Footscray district of Melbourne have appealed to the local council to consider their design for a mixed-use scheme to be created at the former site of Gordon Street Hospital, rather than selling the land to developers. The proposal includes the creation of swimmable lake over the site's old quarry and tip areas, as well as affordable housing, community sporting facilities and heritage features. The land is estimated to be worth up to $85m and no decision has been made yet as to its future.
Rebuilding a community: Hiroshima after the bomb

Japan Times

23-05-14 22:00

Hiroshima's history of overcoming tragedy and rebuilding will be highlighted at the forthcoming G7 summit in the city, as geopolitical tensions rise in many parts of the world amidst ever-growing fears of nuclear war. Almost 92% of all buildings in the city were destroyed or burnt, whilst roughly 140,000 people, or 40% of the city's population at the time, died within a year of the atomic bomb exploding in 1945. Discussion topics at the forthcoming summit feature global issues including terrorism, refugees and climate change, with mounting concerns over nuclear threats closing the two-day talks.
Rebekah Vardy speaks for the first time about growing up as a Jehovah’s Witness

The Independent

23-05-14 20:00

Rebekah Vardy has revealed she was "shamed" and unsupported by Jehovah's Witnesses after being sexually abused between the ages of 11 to 15 by someone in the UK's Jehovah's Witness community. Although the media personality was born and raised as a Jehovah Witness in Norwich and left the religion at the age of 15, this marks the first time she has publicly discussed her abuse. Vardy joins a documentary named Rebekah Vardy: Jehovah’s Witnesses and Me, revealed members of the Jehovah's Witness communities allowing abuse to take place and pledges of allegiance to the group's leaders over the state and medical treatment.
Indigenous communities in Alberta coping with 'emotional roller-coaster' of wildfires


23-05-14 14:21

Wildfires have forced evacuations from four First Nations and one Metis settlement in Alberta, as tens of thousands of hectares of forests are being burnt. A dozen more First Nations have been put on high alert on account of the wildfire risk. Several communities have suffered significant damage, with dozens of homes destroyed in Sturgeon Lake Cree Nation and Fox Lake in Little Red River Cree Nation. A Health Canada report released in 2022 highlights that Indigenous communities are uniquely at risk from climate change, including unprecedented risks from longer and more intense wildfire seasons.
Lithium, coined 'the new oil,' is shifting global markets. Here's what you need to know about it


23-05-14 08:00

As electric vehicles increase in popularity, lithium, a key element in EV batteries, has become a prized commodity. Global consumption increased by 41% from 2021 to 2022, with over 600,000 tonnes of lithium extracted in 2022, states the United States Geological Survey. As a stand-alone metal, lithium is typically sourced from underground hard-rock and brine deposits. Hard-rock mining can have long-term impacts, while brine extraction is water intensive, and the long-term ecological costs are not clear. Australia, which mines lithium mainly from hard-rock sources, has become the world’s leading producer of lithium, while China, which produces 75% of lithium-ion batteries, is the “next link in the supply chain,” says Craig Johnson, a professor of political science. Canada has access to the sixth-most lithium reserves of any country, but its reserves are far fewer than Australia’s or Chile’s. However, lithium mines in Manitoba and Quebec started producing within the last year, and mining projects are in planning stages. Canada’s newly released Critical Mineral Strategy prioritizes lithium as a targeted mineral for economic growth potential and supply chain necessities.
Video shows security guard shooting dead transgender activist

The Independent

23-05-16 04:41

Surveillance footage showing the final moments of Banko Brown, a 24-year-old transgender activist who was shot dead outside a Walgreens store in San Francisco, has been released. Brown had been stopped by security guard Michael Earl-Wayne Anthony, who was filmed repeatedly punching him. After Brown picked up a bag he had dropped, he turned back towards Anthony, who then fatally shot him. The guard has claimed self-defence, a claim noted by District Attorney Brooke Jenkins, who has declined to charge Anthony. The shooting on 27 April had provoked a public outcry.
A lonely nation: Has the notion of the ‘American way’ promoted isolation across history?

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 04:36

U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy has declared loneliness an American epidemic, which he says has the same detrimental effect as smoking. The rise of social media, virtual life, polarisation since 9/11 attacks and the COVID-19 pandemic have worsened the situation. The American myth of rugged individualism has shaped national identity, starting with the pioneers who tamed the wild. Lone heroes in art, literature and film defined the American character. Demographer Colin Woodward notes that in pre-democratic societies, people were not lonely and were tied up in a web of connections. Forgetting the importance of community is a significant blind spot in frontier myths and has led to omissions in public policies. A new generation is fighting for mental health to be part of the national conversation, and that mental illness shouldn’t be stigmatised. The challenge, according to Murthy, is finding a way to replace the frayed bonds of extended families and the decreased engagement with churches. The nation has to figure out what alienates and what connects to ultimately solve the epidemic of loneliness.
B.C. organizations scramble to make plans to protect seniors from extreme heat


23-05-16 12:00

Community groups in British Columbia are considering a response to extreme summer heat following concerns for seniors already heightened after a heat dome last year led to the deaths of 619 people, mostly elderly. While the province is experiencing an unseasonably early heat wave, there’s fears the climate crisis could lead to more deadly heat waves. Outreach organisations in B.C. are concentrating on helping seniors cope with the heat, including wellness calls and distributing fans, while the BC Association of Community Response Networks is calling for seniors to have better access to air conditioning. A coroner’s report recommended more support for vulnerable residents.
US economy 'hangs in the balance' as debt limit impasse drag on, Yellen says


23-05-16 10:27

US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen is warning that the stand-off over the federal debt limit is adversely affecting the country's economy. She has called on Congress to take action "as soon as possible" to avoid economic costs, slowdowns and a potential negative impact on the livelihoods of millions of Americans. Yellen is delivering her message to community bankers in Washington, reminding them of the consequences of the 2011 debate surrounding the debt ceiling that led to the US's first-ever credit rating downgrade. Yellen is set to inform Congress that the Treasury can pay the government's bills only until 1 June 2021 if the debt limit is not increased. President Biden is due to meet with Republican House of Representatives Speaker Kevin McCarthy and other congressional leaders later today.
Shooter, 18, killed three after firing randomly at cars and homes

The Independent

23-05-16 16:55

An 18-year-old gunman in Farmington, New Mexico who killed three people and injured six others while firing randomly at cars and houses on Monday, was armed with an AR-15 style rifle. The unnamed suspect was later killed by police after he had injured two officers and was armed with two other firearms. Police have not revealed a possible motive and Farmington Police Chief Steve Hebbe confirmed that the shootings “appears to be purely random”. Following the shooting, local and state law enforcement agencies are investigating the attack and Governor Michelle Lujan Graham is calling for a ban on assault weapons in the state.
Wildfire smoke blankets Alberta as winds increase fire risk


23-05-16 16:37

The Canadian province of Alberta is facing unpredictable risks as wildfires burning across it continue to spread. Emergency services are evacuating communities across the northern and central parts of the province as high winds fan flames and push thick smoke further south. As of Tuesday, 94 wildfires were burning in the province with 24 raging outside of control, according to the Alberta government. The crisis has led to over 19,300 people being displaced, with 36 communities threatened, none more so than Fox Lake, one of three communities that make up Little Red River Cree Nation, which has been hard hit by fires.
‘Horizontal homes’ dance with an old church

The Globe and Mail

23-05-16 15:00

The Saint-Charles Market project shows how good design can have strong financial returns, according to architects. The project in Ottawa’s Vanier neighbourhood boasts over 50 condominium units in a swish new building alongside 1908’s old Église Saint-Charles, which remains intact with its landmark bell tower. Linebox Studio and Andrew Reeves, the architect behind Saint-Charles Market, founded a development group that bought the site. His team had to ensure the biggest challenge of the design was met: the condo building needed to have a conversation with the church. The result is a masterpiece with real community appeal, thanks to senior-friendly “puzzle parking” and the forthcoming restaurant set to be a lively part of the parish forecourt transformed into a community area. All but one of the “horizontal homes” has already been bought, with a condo board up and running, as well as mustering a social group, an arts group and a gardening group.
Handpie Company changes parking lot policy after staffer's car broken into


23-05-16 22:47

The owner of Handpie Company in Albany, Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.), has implemented a new car parking policy after one of her employees' cars was vandalised on her premises. Sarah Bennetto O'Brien had allowed carpoolers to park overnight in her parking lot, but after the recent incident, she has prohibited unattended vehicles, needing the space for customers and staff. Bennetto O'Brien said she cannot risk the safety of her employees. East Prince RCMP is currently investigating the case. Her company will set up signs ensuring customers are aware of the new parking policy.
How do LGBTQ Zambians deal with bigotry?

Deutsche Welle

23-05-17 04:21

Zambia is one of the least tolerant African countries when it comes to LGBTQ+ rights, according to a survey by Afrobarometer. Just 4% of Zambians express tolerance of non-heteronormative sexual and gender identities. Zambian LGBTQ+ people have low levels of safety in family spaces and in public, where insults and threats are part of everyday life for some. There is also strong political opposition from the authorities, with a number of arrests recently having been made for people promoting homosexuality. Some clinics have become more LGBTQ+ friendly, but the discourse around LGBTQ+ people has intensified.
Why is this ER in cottage country closing? Doctors, health officials say they’re baffled

The Toronto Star

23-05-17 09:00

Haliburton Highlands Health Services’ decision to shut its Minden Hospital emergency department has been criticised by the community, elected officials, healthcare workers, and was the focus of a human rights complaint. Haliburton Heath Services CEO Carolyn Plummer explained that it was the result of staff shortages. However, those familiar with the situation say the department was due to be fully staffed by September 2023, including via cover from Health Force Ontario. Minden ED doctors were only informed of the decision hours before it was formally made public on April 20.
RCMP report 911 network outage across N.W.T.

The Toronto Star

23-05-17 16:09

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) have warned that calls to 911 in the Northwest Territories are currently going unanswered as the service has been knocked offline and cannot be accessed. The local police force is advising people who require urgent police service to contact their community’s RCMP detachment by dialling their community's telephone prefix followed by 111. The cause of the fault is currently unknown and it’s not yet clear when the service will be restored.
Sudan’s warring factions target doctors and activists

Washington Post

23-05-17 15:54

Doctors and activists are reportedly being targeted and silenced during the ongoing war in Sudan that has seen over one million people flee their homes. Both sides of the conflict, the military and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, have reportedly broken promises to humanitarian law, instigated lootings, rapes and forced evictions. The fighting which erupted on 14 April has resulted in up to 556 deaths in the town of Geneina alone, according to unnamed activists. Witnesses report that members of the Rapid Support Forces government militias have commandeered medical supplies and taken doctors hostage, while fires and explosives have hit multiple hospitals. The United Nations has described over 25 million of Sudan's population as being in need of help and called for $2.6bn in aid from the international community.
Deficit deluge: libraries, museums, forestry and fireys all run into the red

The Sydney Morning Herald

23-05-17 21:00

A range of agencies responsible for services including the fire brigade and state libraries have run up extensive deficits and prepared to weather public sector spending cuts in Victoria, Australia. This comes as the state prepares to announce its budget next week. Treasurer Tim Pallas has said that the upcoming budget has to contend with higher public sector deficits than expected. Shadow finance minister Jess Wilson has observed that 21 state agencies went into the financial red in the 2021-22 financial year. Among them, Fire Rescue Victoria ran a deficit of $132.5m, while the Museum Board of Victoria and Museums Victoria registered deficits of $23.56m and $23.47m respectively. State-owned enterprise VicForests revealed a loss caused by ongoing legal cases, and is now in negative equity.
Labrador groups unite to tackle sexual violence

The Globe and Mail

23-05-17 19:58

Community organizations in Labrador, a region with unique challenges and high rates of sexual assault, are holding meetings to ease the emotional strain of working alone in far-flung communities. Following their regular meetings, the region is now planning to create a counselling centre in Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador, to support those affected by gender-based violence. This comes as organizations across Canada that work with victims of gender-based violence are burning out, with COVID-19 adding to their stress, according to the final stages of a study conducted by Women’s Shelters Canada.