death - ‘My mother just died but Lloyds is acting as if she’s still alive’

Death is an inevitable part of the human experience. It is a natural process that marks the end of life and the cessation of vital body functions, including breathing and heartbeat. While the causes of death may vary, the end result remains the same – the loss of a human life. Death has been a topic of interest and discussion throughout history, with various cultures and religions offering unique perspectives on this universal phenomenon.


Death is often defined as the permanent cessation of all brain activity, the end of the cardiac and respiratory systems or the irreversible loss of vital functions. While these definitions may vary based on the context, all definitions emphasize the cessation of life. Medical professionals also employ various definitions of death, including brain death, legal death, and biological death.

Types of Death

Death can be classified into various categories based on the cause or circumstances surrounding it. Some of the most common types of death include:

  1. Natural Death: This occurs when a person dies due to natural causes, including old age, disease, or organ failure.

  2. Accidental Death: This type of death occurs as a result of an unexpected and unintentional event, such as car accidents, falls, drowning, or fire.

  3. Suicide: This occurs when a person intentionally takes their own life.

  4. Homicide: This type of death results from the intentional actions of another person.

  5. Execution: This refers to the deliberate killing of a person as punishment for a crime.

Causes of Death

The causes of death can be classified into two broad groups: non-communicable and communicable. Non-communicable causes of death include chronic diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, while communicable causes of death include infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and COVID-19.

Additionally, lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, and alcohol abuse can also increase the risk of non-communicable diseases, contributing to premature death.

Cultural and Religious Perspectives

Various cultures and religions have different perspectives on death. For example, the ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife and mummification as a means of preserving the body for the afterlife. In Judaism, death is seen as a natural part of life and is accompanied by mourning and rituals such as sitting shiva. In Buddhism, death is viewed as a transition to a new state of existence, and the focus is on achieving enlightenment in the present life.

In Christianity, death is viewed as a consequence of the fall of man, and the emphasis is on eternal life through faith in Jesus Christ. In Hinduism, death is viewed as a part of the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth known as samsara. Finally, in Islam, death is seen as a natural part of life, and the focus is on preparing for the afterlife through good deeds and adherence to religious rules.

Funeral Rites

Funeral rites vary across cultures and religions. Typically, these rites involve rituals and ceremonies to commemorate the life of the deceased and to provide comfort to those left behind. For example, in some cultures, the body is buried, while in others, cremation is preferred. In some cases, mourners wear specific clothing or jewelry, and traditional foods may be served.

The grieving period also differs across cultures, with some traditions calling for a relatively brief mourning period, while others employ lengthier mournings, such as the Jewish shiva period or the Hindu 13-day period of mourning.


Death is a natural, inevitable part of the human experience. It can be caused by various factors and classified into different types based on the cause or circumstances of the death. The cultural and religious perspectives on death vary widely, but all seek to provide comfort and a sense of meaning to those left behind. Although death may be difficult to accept, it is a crucial step in the cycle of life and allows for the beginning of new life.

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Russian woman convicted after leaving note on Putin’s parents’ grave

South China Morning Post

23-05-11 18:38

A Russian court has given a suspended two-year sentence to Irina Tsybaneva for desecrating burial places motivated by political hatred. The St Petersburg woman left a note on President Vladimir Putin's parents' grave, calling Putin a "freak and a killer". Putin's government has launched a crackdown on dissent unseen since the Soviet era, with fines and jail sentences imposed and critics branded as "foreign agents".
Indian authorities aim to have two Canadians sent to face charges in border deaths

The Globe and Mail

23-05-11 18:08

Indian authorities have started the process to extradite two Canadians to face charges of assisting with human smuggling, which allegedly resulted in the deaths of four members of the same family in Manitoba, Canada. Fenil Patel and Bitta Singh (alias Bittu Paji) are said to have taken over planning and logistical support to get the family across the US border, after Dashrath Chaudhary, Yogesh Patel and Bhavesh Patel arranged for them to land in Canada temporarily on a tourist visa. All three have since been arrested and charged with human trafficking, criminal conspiracy, culpable homicide not amounting to murder, and trying to commit culpable homicide.
Russian woman who left note on grave of Putin’s parents convicted amid dissent crackdown

The Toronto Star

23-05-11 17:38

A court in St. Petersburg has handed a suspended sentence to a woman who left an offensive note on the graves of Russian President Vladimir Putin's parents. Irina Tsybaneva, 60, left a note on the guarded grave on the eve of Putin’s birthday in October 2021 that called Putin a "freak and a killer". She was found guilty of desecrating burial places which was motivated by political hatred. Her lawyer said she did not plead guilty because she did not physically desecrate the grave and did not seek publicity for her action. Although the note did not exist until the international tensions in Ukraine, the judge decided to treat the action as hostile to the state which has been cracking down on dissent.
Russian woman who left note on grave of Putin's parents convicted amid dissent crackdown

The Independent

23-05-11 17:36

A Russian court has given a St Petersburg woman a two-year suspended sentence for leaving a note on the graves of President Vladimir Putin's parents reading: “Parents of a maniac, take him to your place. He causes so much pain and trouble. The whole world prays for his death. Death to Putin. You raised a freak and a killer.” The court found Irina Tsybaneva guilty of desecrating burial places motivated by political hatred. Tsybaneva's lawyer stated that she had not pleaded guilty because she had not desecrated the grave physically or sought publicity for her action. Since Putin sent troops into Ukraine, the government has waged a crackdown on dissent unseen since the Soviet era. Jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny reported on Twitter that he had been returned to a solitary confinement punishment cell only a day after his release from one.
Sheku Bayoh had mental disorder from drugs - expert


23-05-11 15:19

Sheku Bayoh had a drug-induced psychiatric disorder when he died in police custody, according to consultant psychiatrist Dr Maurice Lipsedge, giving testimony as part of a public inquiry into Bayoh’s demise in Kirkcaldy in 2015 after being restrained by six police officers. He had taken ecstasy and alpha-PVP, which Dr Lipsedge said can cause extreme paranoia and violent behaviour. The inquiry is investigating the 31-year-old’s death and whether race played a role.
Sin­ga­pore’s death row ‘main el­e­ment of its drug pol­i­cy’

Al Jazeera

23-05-16 01:57

Singapore has sentenced many prisoners to death for drug-related offences, leading some human rights experts to question racial and ethnic preferences in the country's application of the punishment. There are reportedly 54 people on Singapore's death row, and campaigners warn that many are from ethnic minority backgrounds. Prison authorities in Singapore do not provide details of offences that result in the death penalty, but the Transformative Justice Collective and the Capital Punishment Justice Project suggest that all but three inmates on Singapore's death row have been sentenced for drug trafficking. The Singaporean government has defended the use of the death penalty, saying it is “an essential component” of the country’s justice system. Such insistence has drawn international scrutiny to Singapore's use of the death penalty, specifically related to drug offences. The United Nations says that, if retained, capital punishment should only be used for the most serious crimes.
Record­ed ex­e­cu­tions rise to high­est in five years: Amnesty

Al Jazeera

23-05-16 01:51

Human rights organization Amnesty International has said that in 2022, 883 people were executed, a five-year high for known executions, and that drug-related offenses were the cause of around 40% of all of the executions carried out last year. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa carried out 90% of known executions outside China, while around 40% of the executions carried out last year were for drug-related offenses and took place in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore.
Map: Which coun­tries still have the death penal­ty?

Al Jazeera

23-05-16 08:05

A new report from Amnesty International shows that the number of executions increased by 53% in 2022. The total number of recorded executions across 19 countries reached 883, compared with 579 in 2021. These figures exclude China, where data is classified as a state secret, but it is estimated that thousands of executions have been carried out there. The majority of known executions were carried out in Iran, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The report also showed that 112 countries have now abolished the death penalty for all crimes and a further nine have abolished it for crimes not committed during times of war. However, 55 countries still retain and implement the death penalty.
Global executions at highest rate for five years


23-05-16 07:30

The global number of executions in 2022 was the highest in five years, according to Amnesty International figures. The 883 recorded executions in 20 countries marked a rise of 53% compared to 2021, with Iran, Saudi Arabia and Egypt accounting for 90% of these executions. The figure does not include China, which is thought to run into thousands each year, with Amnesty saying impaired reporting authority due to China's data classification. Cases of execution were also recorded for North Korea, Vietnam, Syria and Afghanistan, but data was insufficient to provide an accurate figure.
UN accused of ‘rewarding’ Iran as it gives ambassador leading human rights role


23-05-16 12:33

Iran has been accused of human rights abuses following a decision by the United Nations to appoint Iranian ambassador Ali Bahreini as chairman of the UN Human Rights Council Social Forum 2023. Critics noted that the announcement followed Iran’s execution of two men on blasphemy charges and its continuing crackdown on anti-regime protesters. The appointment was “shocking” and showed “ethical blindness”, a spokesman for the US-based Center for Human Rights in Iran said. A spokesman explained that the Social Forum 2023 was merely a two-day event.
‘At least a hundred’ feared dead after Cyclone Mocha

The Independent

23-05-16 12:11

Cyclone Mocha, the deadliest storm ever to hit Myanmar, is feared to have killed over 100 people. AFP news agency has quoted several local leaders in the western region of the country who have said the death toll stands at 41. However, many others are missing and feared dead, with activists raising concerns that relief efforts are being hampered in Myanmar because of government restrictions. At the same time, Cyclone Mocha has affected Bangladesh and northeast India, leading experts to highlight a rise in cyclonic activity in South Asian waters linked to rising ocean temperatures and global heating.
Dead woman wins civic elec­tion in In­dia’s Ut­tar Pradesh: Re­port

Al Jazeera

23-05-16 11:45

Ashiya Bi has won a local election in Uttar Pradesh, India, almost two weeks after her death. The 30-year-old first-time candidate died from an acute lung and abdominal infection just 12 days before the poll. Officials said that there was no procedure in place to remove her name from the ballot. Bi and her campaign had proved popular with voters, however many of those who had originally supported her chose to vote in her memory, leading to her declaration as the winner.
Global Executions Highest in 5 Years, Amnesty International Says

NY Times

23-05-16 16:04

At least 883 people were executed globally in 2022, according to a report by Amnesty International, a 53% increase from the previous year’s total of 579. More than 90% of the killings were carried out by three countries, Egypt, Iran and Saudi Arabia, while it is believed that China executed or sentenced to death "thousands" of people. The report questioned the transparency of these unofficial statistics. The study stated many of the deaths were for drug-related offences, which international treaty bars the death penalty for. Four countries abolished the death penalty during the year: Central African Republic, Kazakhstan, Papua New Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Artificial sweeteners do little for the waistline and may even harm your health: new WHO guideline

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 15:21

Non-sugar sweeteners, including artificial ones, have no benefit for weight loss and could cause serious health issues, according to a new review by the World Health Organization (WHO). Studies suggest that in adults, the consumption of sweeteners such as aspartame and stevia is associated with a greater risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death. Higher consumption of sugar substitutes is also linked to weight gain and all-cause mortality. ‘Natural’ sugar substitutes including agave and honey were also found to have no benefits in controlling weight.
Amnesty research shows global executions at highest rate in five years


23-05-16 15:19

The number of recorded executions around the world has surged by a third over the past year, according to Amnesty International. Iran, Saudi Arabia and Egypt were accused of carrying out state-sanctioned “killing sprees”, while Iran executed 576 people, up from 314 in 2021. Saudi Arabia carried out 196 executions, including 81 in a single day, its highest rate in 30 years. China is believed to be the world’s leading executioner, but its statistics are secret. However, Amnesty said that nearly 40% of recorded executions were for drug-related offences. Six countries abolished the death penalty either partially or fully last year.
Antidote for world’s deadliest mushroom revealed by Sydney scientist

The Sydney Morning Herald

23-05-16 15:00

Researchers have found that an FDA-approved injectable dye called indocyanine green (ICG) could protect against the death cap mushroom, responsible for nine in 10 fatal mushroom poisonings and thousands of deaths worldwide. Conducting tests on lab-grown liver cells and mice who were treated within four hours of poisoning, the dye halted the toxin’s deadly effects. Death caps, which grow in symbiosis with oak trees and resemble the commonly cooked straw mushroom, have claimed at least six lives in Australia. Scientists also discovered dozens of other potential antidotes for the deadly poison.
Poison from world's deadliest mushroom could be treated by antidote in future, scientists say


23-05-16 20:16

Researchers from China may have found the first ever specific antidote for the world’s deadliest mushroom, the Death Cap, which causes around 90% of mushroom fatalities each year. The scientists discovered that a fluorescent medical dye called indocyanine green, which was created in the 1950s, reduces the poisonous effects of the mushroom on human cells and animals. While the antidote has not yet been tested on humans, it is hoped it could save many lives if it is as effective in humans as it has been in mice. Death Caps are most common in the UK between the months of August and November.
Catholic trust wins out as Minns moves to solve Sydney’s cemeteries crisis

The Sydney Morning Herald

23-05-16 19:00

The Catholic Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust (CMCT), which is responsible for several of Sydney’s largest burial sites, has declined to present its books to the NSW auditor-general, following a disagreement over the church’s control of public land. In light of this decision, the new Labor government has backed the trust by instituting the “two-operator” system as the favored model for reconciling Sydney’s long-running cemetery dispute. As per the proposal, the CMCT will administer control of up to five major burial sites whilst the government will take charge of the remaining ones after merging them under a single operator. The move marks a significant victory for the trust considering the countless refusals to let the auditor-general examine its books.

The CMCT has been excused from paying income taxes as the organization falls under the not-for-profit category. It has vehemently refused to allow the auditor-general to scrutinize its books because this might jeopardize its status. However, NSW Treasury has stated that the trust is a state-controlled entity responsible for managing crown lands and had pushed for a financial review by the auditor-general. Despite previous government officials making similar requests, and, the fact that a review in the present context seemed inevitable, the CMCT has once again declined. Some lawmakers have voiced concerns around the CMCT’s refusal to comply with the auditor’s requests and the new decision taken by the Labor government.

Singapore executes second prisoner in 3 weeks for trafficking cannabis

South China Morning Post

23-05-17 04:02

Singapore has executed a man convicted of drug trafficking, marking the second time in three weeks that the city-state has carried out the death penalty. The man, who was convicted in 2019 of dealing around 1.5kg of cannabis, was Singapore's 13th person put to death since the country resumed executions last March. While there has been a growing international movement to abolish the death penalty, Singapore continues to maintain it is an effective deterrent against drug trafficking. Amnesty International has called on Singapore to end its use of capital punishment, saying that executions have no proven deterrent effect on crime.