NATO - Norway drops spying claims against foreign student, says he's being held now for a 'financial crime'

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance that was established in 1949, at the start of the Cold War. Its primary objective is to provide collective defense against potential threats that may arise in the Euro-Atlantic area. NATO has evolved over the years as a military and political organization, with its members engaging in various missions and operations around the world. This article will provide a detailed overview of the organization, its history, objectives, structure, and operations.

The formation of NATO was prompted by the perceived threat of Soviet aggression in Europe after the end of World War II. The idea of forming a collective defense pact among European nations was first proposed by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in a speech in 1946. It was later formalized in the North Atlantic Treaty, which was signed in Washington, D.C. on April 4, 1949, by twelve nations, including the United States, Canada, and several European countries.

During the early years of NATO, the organization focused primarily on maintaining a military deterrent against the Soviet Union and its allies. This included the deployment of forces and weapons systems in Europe, as well as the development of military and infrastructure capabilities to support collective defense operations.

In addition to its defense role, NATO also played a critical role in fostering European political and economic integration. This included the establishment of the European Union (EU) in 1992, which has since become a key player in international diplomacy and economic development.

The primary objective of NATO is to provide collective defense and security for its member nations. This includes assisting in the defense of NATO territory, and providing support for non-NATO nations under threat of attack, such as during the Gulf War in 1991.

NATO also plays a vital role in promoting democratic values and human rights, as well as fostering stability and security in regions outside the NATO area. NATO member nations regularly engage in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in countries such as Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Libya.

The structure of NATO includes a political, military, and civilian structure, which works together to achieve the organization’s objectives.

The political structure of NATO is led by the North Atlantic Council (NAC), which is composed of the ambassadors of member states and meets frequently to discuss issues related to the security and defense of the alliance. The NAC is responsible for making key political decisions, including defining strategic objectives and command structures for military operations.

The military structure of NATO is led by the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), who is responsible for the overall command and control of NATO forces. SACEUR is tasked with developing and executing military plans as directed by the NAC, and ensuring the readiness of NATO forces to respond to potential threats.

The civilian structure of NATO is responsible for providing logistic and service support to the military. This includes the management of infrastructure and resources, as well as the coordination of civilian agencies and organizations to support NATO operations.

NATO has been involved in several major military operations throughout its history, including the Gulf War, Operation Allied Force in Kosovo, and the War in Afghanistan. These operations were carried out with the cooperation and support of member nations and were aimed at achieving NATO’s objectives of collective defense and security.

In addition to these major operations, NATO has also been involved in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in countries such as Kosovo, Bosnia, and Afghanistan. These missions were aimed at promoting stability and security in regions outside the NATO area and supporting the democratic aspirations of the local population.

NATO has played a critical role in promoting defense and security in the Euro-Atlantic area since its establishment in 1949. The organization has evolved over the years to become a key player in international diplomacy, fostering political and economic integration in Europe, and promoting stability and security in regions outside the NATO area. With its military, political, and civilian structures working together, NATO remains a vital force for collective defense and security in the 21st century.

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Leak reveals Zelensky privately plots bold attacks inside Russia

The Sydney Morning Herald

23-05-14 03:13

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has proposed provocative actions such as occupying Russian villages, bombing a pipeline that moves Russian oil to Hungary and firing long-range missiles to hit targets inside Russia’s borders, according to classified US intelligence documents detailing his internal communication with military leaders. The documents were intercepted digitally, providing a rare first-hand look at Zelensky’s deliberations amid Russian missile barrages, war crimes and infrastructure attacks. Zelensky has suggested going in a more audacious direction to gain leverage over Moscow, despite a public-facing image of being the calm and stoic statesman weathering Russia’s attacks. In all previous instances, Zelensky has prioritised targeting Russian forces inside Ukraine’s borders, rather than using the weapons they provide for attacks inside Russia.
Ukraine's Zelenskyy arrives in Berlin

Deutsche Welle

23-05-13 22:58

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has arrived in Berlin for his first visit to Germany since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. He is expected to meet with German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Chancellor Olaf Scholz, and to be awarded the prestigious Charlemagne Prize on behalf of the Ukrainian people. Zelenskyy has already visited eight other countries since the start of the invasion, including the United States, Poland, Britain, France, Belgium, Finland, the Netherlands, and Italy.
Turkey votes in pivotal elections that could end Erdogan's 20-year rule


23-05-13 22:54

Turks go to the polls in one of the country's most important modern-day elections, which could see President Tayyip Erdogan removed from power after 20 years, amid widespread dissatisfaction with his increasingly authoritarian regime. Kemal Kilicdaroglu, running an alliance of opposition parties, is seen as Erdogan's main challenger and favourite to win by opinion polls. The election also includes the election of a new parliament. The votes of Kurdish voters, who make up 15-20% of the electorate, will be crucial in the outcome of the poll, as neither the People's Alliance, pro-Erdogan, nor the Nation Alliance headed by Kilicdaroglu is expected to attain a parliamentary majority alone.
Turkey’s Er­do­gan, Kil­ic­daroglu end cam­paign­ing be­fore key polls

Al Jazeera

23-05-13 19:40

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan held his last election rallies in Istanbul on the weekend before an election for his 20th year of rule. Erdogan warned the crowd about the risks of his opposition working with US President Joe Biden to overthrow him. Polls suggest Erdogan is trailing behind main opposition candidate Kemal Kilicdaroglu. If neither candidates wins 50% or more, there will be a run-off.
Zelensky interview transcript: ‘Ukraine must win’

Washington Post

23-05-13 19:14

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has disclosed plans for a large counteroffensive against Russian-backed separatists occupying parts of Ukraine. In an interview with The Washington Post, Zelensky outlined the importance of resources to the operation, citing ammunition and long-range artillery systems among necessities. Zelensky also claimed that the use of such technology would be restricted to Ukrainian territory, and that Ukraine hoped to use Western-standard fighter jets such as the F-16 in the skies above the battlefield.

Commenting on public scepticism regarding Ukraine’s ability to defeat Russia, Zelensky said: “I believe that the more victories we have on the battlefield, the more people will believe in us, which means we will get more help… we are an independent state.” He also suggested that the Russian advance had not been successful, and that Russian troops were now bogged down in poor weather conditions. He also claimed that the Russians had lost confidence in their own military personnel, and had resorted to using foreign mercenaries hired by shadowy military contractor Wagner.

Since fighting broke out in Ukraine in 2014, over 13,000 people have been killed and more than one million people displaced from their homes, according to the United Nations. In return for military and political support, Ukrainian officials have alleged that Donald Trump, his lawyer Rudy Giuliani and other members of Trump’s administration solicited help from Ukraine in a conflict of interest involving Democratic rival Joe Biden in the lead up to the 2020 US election.

G7 host Japan seeks unity on threat from China

Financial Times

23-05-16 01:23

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s key aim during the annual G7 summit this weekend is to establish a united G7 response to China's military ambitions and "economic coercion," as the country continues to seek closer ties with NATO and imposes sanctions against Moscow as a result of the ongoing war in Ukraine. China’s interventionism has driven Japan to adopt a very cautious approach, revamping its military organisation and increasing security cooperation with nations in Southeast Asia and Europe. However, it is anticipated that the G7 will not agree on any specific new economic tools of security, and crucially, China will not be named in the statement. This widespread caucus approach aims to support countries being bullied by China rather than being completely focused on an offensive strategy. The EU, as well as other G7 members, remain very reluctant to adopt a more antagonistic stance, preferring to improve relations with emerging economies, particularly from Asia, Africa and South America.
Russia slams Macron for saying Kremlin is becoming subservient to China

South China Morning Post

23-05-15 22:45

Russian officials have rejected comments by French President Emmanuel Macron claiming that Moscow was becoming subservient to China. Middle East Eye reported that they claimed Western countries must get used to a world underpinned by the Kremlin’s close ties with Beijing. The comments were made after Macron gave an interview to the Parisian daily, l’Opinion, in which he criticised Russia’s isolation caused by its invasion of Ukraine more than 14 months ago.
Ukraine cannot win on promises alone


23-05-15 22:00

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has been meeting with heads of government in Germany, France, and the UK to seek out increased assistance for his war effort. As the conflict enters a critical phase, Kyiv is preparing for a counter-offensive, but Zelensky has played down expectations of an imminent mass advance, stating that it is likely to be a sequence of manoeuvres. It is essential that Ukraine launches the counter-offensive from a position of strength with as much of the promised weaponry from NATO delivered as possible. However, the greatest unknown is Russia's air power. The Kremlin has thus far failed to use its air power effectively above Ukrainian-held territory, but without more fighters and bombers, Ukraine may struggle to hold their positions. The biggest immediate issue is whether to expedite Ukraine's membership of NATO, to which Germany in particular remains opposed.
Putin launches fresh wave of deadly strikes on Kyiv – live

The Independent

23-05-16 04:23

Russian forces have launched another volley of missile attacks on Kyiv, killing three people and injuring others, according to official sources. The wave of rocket and missile assaults targeted the Ukrainian capital as well as the regions surrounding it and came a week after similar attacks garnered worldwide condemnation. The Putin-led regime's actions have triggered air raid alarms, with city-dwellers across the country bracing themselves as Ukraine declares advanced weapon sales across European nations. Meanwhile, China's envoy is preparing to visit both Ukraine and Russia despite slim hopes of brokering a peace agreement between the two countries.
Zelensky’s Europe ‘love fest’ points to worries over another Trump presidency

South China Morning Post

23-05-16 03:44

As Russia's war on Ukraine enters a potentially decisive phase, Ukraine is concerned the US may no longer be its ally, having been its chief supporter since the beginning of the conflict. Former President Donald Trump has caused some nervousness among Europe's capitals by refusing to express hopes for a Ukrainian victory, creating uncertainty for Ukraine regarding Joe Biden's administration's pledge of full-throated support. Ukrainian President Zelensky recently went on a three-day four-country tour visiting Western European capitals, focused on both arms supply and political support for the country. While in Europe, Zelensky received strategic aid for the escalating war between Ukraine and Russia, but failed to secure assurances of immediate delivery of fighter jets or a nod from NATO to its long-standing application to join the influential military alliance.
Russia ‘destroys’ key US-supplied air defence system in largest bombardment of Kyiv


23-05-16 13:17

Russia has claimed to have destroyed a key US-supplied Patriot air defence system in Ukraine with a hypersonic Kinzhal missile. If verified, the news would come as a costly blow to Ukraine. However, Kiev says that it managed to down all six "unstoppable" Kinzhal missiles fired overnight. The six Kinzhals were among 18 ballistic missiles Russia launched right after its drone and missile volleys this month, which Ukraine has been widely shooting down. It was the first time Ukraine had claimed to have taken down a volley of multiple hypersonic missiles.
Greek PM says country has changed, seeks new mandate to speed up growth


23-05-16 12:56

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, who leads the conservative New Democracy party, seeks re-election with ambitious plans to boost Greece's growth potential. Hoping to win a clear majority, Mitsotakis pledged to limit inequalities and help more vulnerable groups in society. His party leads over the leftist Syriza party in opinion polls while Sunday’s election is more likely produce an outright winner. With COVID-19, high inflation, and a decade-long debt crisis, Mitsotakis has spent over €50bn ($58.27bn) in relief measures since 2020 to provide pensions and raise the monthly minimum wage by 20% to €780 to cope with the cost-of-living crisis.
Ukraine says it downed several Russian hypersonic missiles in 'exceptional' attack


23-05-16 12:45

Ukraine has said it has shot down six Russian hypersonic Kinzhal missiles in one evening, demonstrating the efficiency of newly deployed western air defences. Russia had previously called Kinzhal missiles practically unstoppable. If confirmed, it would be the first time Ukraine has claimed to have hit a volley of multiple hypersonic missiles. The six missiles were among 18 fired overnight, lighting up Kyiv with flashes and raining debris after they were intercepted. The Kinzhal missile can carry conventional or nuclear warheads up to 2,000km and is Russia's proof of its military hardware as capable of NATO.
Kyiv says it repelled ‘exceptional’ barrage of Russian missiles

Financial Times

23-05-16 12:19

Russia has claimed that it successfully took out a US-made Patriot missile system in Kyiv during an attack, which Ukraine has denied. General Valeriy Zaluzhnyi, commander-in-chief of Ukraine’s armed forces, said all 18 projectiles, including six hypersonic Kinzhals and nine Kalibr cruise missiles, had been downed overnight. Despite Moscow's claims that the missile system had been destroyed, Yuriy Sak, an adviser to the Ukrainian defence minister, dismissed them as "pure propaganda and pure lies." The strikes come over a year into Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
Russian lawmakers vote to scrap Cold War armed forces deal

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 11:58

Russian lawmakers have unanimously voted to leave the Treaty of Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, an arms control pact, signed in 1990, which aims to prevent rivals from massing troops at or near mutual borders. The deal was not fully ratified until two years later, and in early 2015, Russia first declared its intention to withdraw. Last week, President Vladimir Putin introduced a draft bill to "denounce" the treaty which is contrary to Russia’s security interests. Since last February, hundreds of thousands of Russian troops have poured into Ukraine, a country that shares a border with NATO members Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Hungary.
Ukraine detains supreme court chief justice on suspicion of bribery

Financial Times

23-05-16 17:19

Ukrainian anti-graft prosecutors have accused Vsevolod Kniaziev, the supreme court chief justice, of taking bribes worth $2.7m from an oligarch in return for a ruling in the latter’s favour. The judiciary is currently in the midst of a long-term anti-corruption drive, but the arrest of the judge could have far-reaching constitutional implications.
Police officer opens fire at bus at girls’ school in Pakistan, killing 1, injuring 5

The Toronto Star

23-05-16 17:02

A police officer tasked with protecting a private school for girls in northwestern Pakistan shot at a school bus, killing an eight-year-old girl and injuring five others, on Tuesday. The incident took place in the Swat Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The police have arrested the officer, Alam Khan, and are investigating what caused him to open fire. The Swat Valley was previously a stronghold of the Pakistani Taliban before it was cleared of militants by the security forces in 2019. Since then, the authorities have deployed police at schools across the northwest region repeatedly targeted by Taliban attacks.
Ukraine detains Supreme Court head in corruption probe

Deutsche Welle

23-05-16 16:19

The head of Ukraine's Supreme Court, Vsevolod Kniaziev, has been detained amid an investigation into "large-scale corruption," according to the National Anti-Corruption Bureau and the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor's Office. Evidence reportedly links a $2.7m bribe investigation involving top judges at the court to billionaire Kostiantyn Zhevago and the Finance and Credit Financial Group. The agencies have not formally identified Kniaziev as being under suspicion but noted that other individuals are still being investigated. Transparency International's 2022 Corruption Perceptions Index ranked Ukraine 116th out of 180 countries evaluated. Kniaziev was suspended following a no-confidence motion.
South Korea’s President Vows to Expand Non-lethal Aid to Ukraine


23-05-16 15:56

South Korea's President, Yoon Suk-yeol, has pledged to extend the non-lethal aid his country provides to Kyiv, including mine-detection and ambulance equipment. During her meeting with Yoon, Ukraine's first lady, Olena Zelenska, requested an expansion of support for non-lethal military supplies. There was no request for weapons supply, as South Korea has a policy of not providing arms to countries engaged in conflict. Seoul, a growing arms exporter, has so far provided Ukraine with around $230m in aid but has not directly supplied arms as it was hesitant due to concerns that Russia could retaliate by providing advanced weapons to North Korea.