Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American businessman and television personality who served as the 45th President of the United States from 2017 to 2021. He was born and raised in Queens, New York City, and earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. After taking over his family’s real estate business in the 1970s, Trump expanded the operations of the company and developed high-profile properties such as Trump Tower, which served as his primary residence and campaign headquarters during the 2016 presidential election.
Before entering politics, Trump gained national prominence as a host of the reality television series The Apprentice, in which contestants competed for a job within his organization. He leveraged his persona as a savvy businessman and entertainer to launch his bid for the presidency in 2015, drawing on the rhetoric of populism and nationalism to appeal to voters who felt disaffected from the political establishment.
Trump’s tenure in the White House was marked by his unconventional approach to domestic and foreign policy, as well as his combative personality and personal scandals. He pursued ambitious agenda items such as tax reform and immigration reform, but often clashed with Congress and the media over his policies and statements. Additionally, his administration faced numerous controversies and investigations, including allegations of collusion with Russian officials during the 2016 election and an impeachment trial in 2019 on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of justice.
On the domestic front, Trump’s presidency saw the successful passage of a major tax overhaul in 2017 that lowered corporate and individual tax rates. However, his other policy proposals, such as an infrastructure plan and a replacement for the Affordable Care Act, were unsuccessful due to opposition from Congress and the public.
Trump’s approach to foreign policy was defined by his aggressive stance towards adversaries such as Iran and North Korea. He withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal in 2018 and imposed sanctions on the country in an effort to cripple its economy. In addition, he held summits with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in a controversial bid to reach a denuclearization agreement.
Trump also engaged in a protracted trade war with China, imposing tariffs on goods imported from the country in an effort to reduce the trade deficit. While some economists argued that the tariffs hurt American consumers and businesses, Trump defended his approach as necessary to protect American jobs and industries.
Trump’s personal life and behavior also drew negative attention during his presidency. He was the subject of several lawsuits related to his business dealings and alleged sexual misconduct, including a lawsuit by adult film actress Stormy Daniels that received widespread media attention. Additionally, his use of social media for personal attacks on political opponents and members of the media drew criticism from both Democrats and Republicans.
In 2020, Trump ran for re-election against former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democratic Party. The election saw a record turnout and was marked by controversy due to Trump’s allegations of voter fraud, which were widely disputed by election officials and the courts. Trump continued to challenge the results of the election even after Biden was declared the winner, and his supporters launched an attack on the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021, in an attempt to overturn the results.
Following the events of January 6th, Trump was impeached for the second time in his presidency on charges of incitement of insurrection, becoming the first president in U.S. history to be impeached twice. His trial in the Senate was held after he had left office, and he was acquitted in a 57-43 vote.
Since leaving office, Trump has remained active in politics, building support for the Republican Party and promoting his own brand through social media. He has not ruled out the possibility of running for president again in 2024, and his continued influence on the party is likely to shape the political landscape of the United States for years to come.
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